Piripiri, Pygmy Tree Orchid
Habitat: Lowland, in damp, open forest and scrub; on tree trunks and branches, sometimes on rocks or cliffs. Throughout New Zealand.
Key features: Often dense mats of tiny hairy leaves attached to a bulb.
Habitat: Sparse in lowland kauri or podocarp forest on large trees, often high in the canopy. South to Nelson.
Key features: Small clumps of bulbs with a hairless leaf sticking out from the stem.
Green Fleshy Tree Orchid
Habitat: On a wide range of host trees and on rocky outcrops; on foggy spurs or stream sides, from lowland to subalpine forest.
Key features: White roots leading from a clump of leaves sticking out from the stem or surface; leaves unspotted, flowers spotted.
Spotted Fleshy Tree Orchid
Habitat: On a range of host trees. Widespread.
Key features: White roots leading from a clump of leaves sticking out from the stem or surface; leaves spotted, flowers un-spotted and seed capsules spotted.
Easter Orchid, Raupeka
Habitat: A common species on trees and shrubs or sometimes on rocks or terrestrial in forest and scrub. Thrives in deep shade.
Key features: Masses of strongly perfumed flowers on unbranched stems, leaves short and stout.
Habitat: Mainly coastal. Throughout.
Key features: Short column and broad channelled leaves on long unbranched stems. Yellow-green foliage, often erect rather than drooping.
Peka-a-waka, Bamboo Orchid
Habitat: A common epiphyte on trees, shrubs, rocks and clay under scrub, often with E. autumnalis.
Key features: Flowers non or weakly scented on long unbranched stems, leaves narrow, spring flowering.
Winika, Pekapeka, Ladies’ Slipper Orchid
Habitat: Often high up, but can be on rocks and the ground in open scrub and forest
Key features: Large flower and masses of finely branched stems.