Journal Number 97
November 2005


THE NEW ZEALAND ORCHIDS

The Editor's Annual List of New Zealand Orchid Taxa
By Ian St George

- a personal opinion, wrested from observation, discussion, plagiarism and taxonomic punch-ups.
I am indebted to Murray Dawson of Landcare Research, Lincoln, for carefully cross-checking the
names against independent lists, correcting typos, and standardising the author and journal titles.

Author abbreviations are standardised following Brummitt & Powell (1992) [1], and publication titles
are abbreviated (where possible) according to Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum, Suppl. (BPH/S) (1991)
and Taxonomic Literature (TL2) (1976-1988) and its Supplements (TL2/S) (1992-2000).

These resources are available electronically at the International Plant Names Index
(IPNI, see http://www.ipni.org/index.html).


Acianthus
R.Br. Prodr. 1: 321 (1810) Acianthus alliance
Acianthus sinclairii Hook.f Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 245 (1853).
Acianthus fornicatus var. sinclairii (Hook.f.)
Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ75: 369 (1945).

Adelopetalum Fitzg., J BoL 29: 152 (1891) Bulbophyllum alliance
Adelopetalum tuberculatum (Col.) DL Jones, MA Clem. &Molloy. Orchadian 13(11): 498 (2002).
Bulbophyllum tuberculatum Col. Trans. NZI 16:336 (1884).
Bulbophyllum exiguum as meant by Buchanan.Trans. NZI 16: 397 (1884), is not that of F.Muell. (1861).

Adenochilus Hook.f. FL Nov. Zel 1: 246 t.56 (1853)
Adenochilus gracilis Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 246t.56A (1853).

Aporostylis Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 70: 60 (1946)
Aporostylis bifolia (Hook.f) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. W 70: 60 (1946).
Caladenia bifolia Hook.f Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 247 (1853).
Chiloglottis traversii F.Muell. Veg. Chath. Is. 51 (1864).
Caladenia macrophylla Col. Trans. NZI 27: 396 (1895).
Chiloglottis bifolia (Hook.f.) Schlecht. Engl. Bot.Jb. 45: 383 (1911).

Caladenia R.Br. Prodr. (1810)
Caladenia alata R.Br. Prodr. 1: 324 (1810).
Petalochilus alatus (R.Br.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 406 (2001).
Caladenia minor Hook.f. var. exigua Cheesem.Man. NZ Fl. 688 (1906).
Caladenia exigua Cheesem. Trans. NZ145: 96(1913).
Caladenia carnea R.Br. var. alata (R.Br.) Domin.Bilb. Bot., Stuttgart Heft. 85: 549 (1915).
Caladenia carnea R.Br. var. exigua (Cheesem.)Rupp. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 69: 75 (1944).
Caladenia holmesii Rupp. Vict. Naturalist 70: 179 (1954).
Caladenia catenata (Smith) Druce var. exigua (Cheesem.) W.M.Curtis. Students' Fl. Tasm. pt 4A: 133 (1979).

Caladenia bartlettii (Hatch) DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12(5): 227 (1997).
Petalochilus bartlettii (Hatch) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(9):406 (2001).
Caladenia carnea R.Br. var. bartlettii Hatch.Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 77: 402 (1949).

Caladenia chlorostyla DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12(5): 223 f1 (1997).
Petalochilus chlorostylus (DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 406 (2001).
Caladenia catenata as meant by Cooper. Field guide to the NZ native orchids 17 (1984), is not that of Druce (1917).
Caladenia "green column " tagname.
Scanlen argues that C. chlorostyla may be a synonym for C. minor. A similar but distinct plant is known as C. aff. chlorostyla. Arethusa catenata and Caladenia alba are names used for Australian plants once confused with NZ taxa.

Caladenia minor Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 247 t.56b (1853).
Petalochilus minor (Hook.f) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 410 (2001).
Caladenia carnea var. pygmaea (Rogers) Rupp. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. W. 69: 74 (1944).
Caladenia carnea R.Br. var. minor (Hook.f.) Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 77: 401 (1949).
Caladenia catenata var. minor (Hook.f) W.M.Curtis. Students'Fl. Tasm. pt 4A: 106 (1979).
The identity of Caladenia minor is not clear: it may be a synonym for C. alata, C. chlorostyla or C. aff. chlorostyla: there are 4 on the Type sheet.

Caladenia nothofageti DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12 (5): 226 f.1 (1997).
Petalochilus nothofageti (DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem.) Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 410 (2001).

Caladenia variegata Col. Trans. NZI 17: 248 (1885).
Petalochilus variegatus (Col.) Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 410 (2001).
Caladenia `big pink" tagname. Some flowers have a clear two rows of calli on the labellum, others have extra calli scattered to either side of the two rows.

Caladenia aff. fuscata a small pink Caladenia which appears similar to this variable Australian species, with 1-3 flowers (see Scanlen. NZNOG J 1999; 72: 22 [1999]). It appears to be identical with Matthews's Ms. Caladenia "nitida-rosea ".

Caladenia aff. pusilla a tiny pink Caladenia with broad oval sepals and petals, an incurved dorsal sepal and a triangular labellar midlobe grows near Wellington, Taranaki and in Northland (W.M.Curtis. Students' Fl. Tasm. Pt. 4A: 133 [1980]).

Caladenia subgenus Stegostyla (DL Jones and MA Clem.) Hopper and AP Br. Australian Systematic Botany 17: 171-240 (2004).
Caladenia atradenia
DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12 (5): 221 (1997).
Stegostyla atradenia (DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13 (9): 414 (2001).
Caladenia carnea R.Br. var. minor forma calliniger Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ (Bot) 2: 187 (1963).
Caladenia iridescens as meant by Hatch. NZNOG Newsl 16: 1 (1985) is not that of Rogers (1920).
"Caladenia calliniger ", Caladenia aff. iridescens tagname's.

Caladenia lyallii Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 247 (1853).
Stegostyla lyallii (Hook.f) Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 413 (2001).
There seem to be a number of taxa currently included in C. lyallii agg, including a small form from Iwitahi and Nelson Lakes.

Caladenia aff. alpina. Plants closer to C. alpina than to C. lyallii are in NZ. See St George. NZNOG J63: 4 (1997).

Calochilus R.Br. Prodr. 1: 320 (1810)
Calochilus aff. herbaceus.
Calochilus herbaceus as meant by McCrae NZNOG Newsletter 24: 9 (1987) is not that of Lindl
Calochilus campestris as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 77: 248 (1949), is not that of R.Br. (1810).

Calochilus paludosus R.Br. Prodr. 1: 320 (1810).

Calochilus robertsonii Benth. Fl. Austr. 6: 315 (1873).
Calochilus campestris as meant by Fitzg. Austr. Orch. 1(4): t.6 (1878), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
Calochilus campestris as meant by Cheesem. Man. NZ Fl. 686 (1906), is not that of R.Br. (1810).

Chiloglottis R.Br. Prodr. 1: 322 (1810)
Chiloglottis cornuta Hook.f. Fl. Antarct. 1: 69 (1844).
Caladenia cornuta (Hook.f.) Reichb.f. Beitr.Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
Simpliglottis cornuta (Hook.f) Szlach. Polish Bot. J46(1): 13 (2001).

Chiloglottis trapeziformis Fitzg. Austr. Orch. 1(3): t.10 (1877).
Myrmechila trapeziformis (Fitzg.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 15: 37 (2005).
Chiloglottis formicifera as meant by Cheesem.Trans. NZ I. 33: 312 (1900), appears not to be that of Fitzg. (1877), but argument continues.

Chiloglottis valida DL Jones. Austr. Orch. Research 2: 43 (1991).
Simpliglottis valida (DL Jones) Szlach. Polish Bot. J46(1): 14 (2001).
Chiloglottis gunnii as meant by Molloy. Native orchids of NZ 9 (1983), is not that of Lindl. (1840).

Corunastylis Fitzg. Austr. Orch. 2 (3): t.1 (1888) Prasophyllum alliance
Corunastylis nuda (Hook.f.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 461 (2002).
Prasophyllum nudum Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 242 (1853).
Prasophyllum tunicatum Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 242 (1853).
Prasophyllum variegatum Col. Trans. NZI. 20: 208 (1888).
Genoplesium nudum (Hook.f.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Lindleyana 4(3): 144 (1989).

Corunastylis pumila (Hook.£) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 461 (2002).
Prasophyllum pumilum Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1:242 (1853).
Genoplesium pumilum (Hook.f.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Lindleyana 4(3): 144 (1989).

The Corybas alliance (Corybas Salisb. Paradisus Londinensis. t.83 [1805]
Anzybas carsei
(Cheesem.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 443 (2002).
Corybas carsei (Cheesem.) Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 75: 367 (1945).
Corysanthes carsei Cheesem. Trans. NZI 44: 162 (1912).
Corybas unguiculatus as meant by Moore. Fl. NZ Vol 2 116: (1970) is not Corysanthes unguiculatus of R. Br. (1810).

Anzybas rotundifolius (Cheesem.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 443 (2002).
Corybas rotundifolius (Hook.f.) Reichb.f Beitr. Syst. Pflk. 67 (1871).
Nematoceras rotundifolia Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 251 (1853).
Corysanthes rotundifolia (Hook.f.) Hook.f. Handbk. NZFI. 266 (1864).
Corysanthes matthewsii Cheesem. Trans. NZ I. 31: 351 (1899).
Corybas unguiculatus as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 75: 367 (1945), is not Corysanthes unguiculatus of R.Br. (1810).

Corybas cheesemanii (Kirk) Kuntze. Rev. Gen. Plant. 6: 657 (1891).
Corysanthes cheesemanii Hook.f. ex Kirk. Trans. NZI 3: 180 (1871).
Corybas aconitiflorus as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ75: 367 (1945), is not that of Salisbury (1807).

Molloybas cryptanthus (Hatch) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 448 (2002).
Corybas cryptanthus Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 83: 577 (1956).
Corybas saprophyticus Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 79: 366 t.71 (1952), is not that of Schlecht. (1923).

Nematoceras acuminata (MA Clem. & Hatch) Molloy, DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13 (10): 449 (2002).
Corysanthes acuminata (M.A.Clem. & Hatch) Szlach. Richardiana 3(2): 97 (2003).5).
Corybas acuminatus M.A.Clem. & Hatch. New Zealand J. Bot. 23: 491 f.2 (1985).
Corybas rivularis as meant by Cheesem. Man. NZ Fl. 697 (1906), and others (1906-1985) is not Acianthus rivularis of Cunn. (1837).

Nematoceras hypogaea (Col.) Molloy, DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
Corysanthes hypogaea Col. Trans. NZI. 16: 336 (1884).

Nematoceras iridescens (Irwin & Molloy) Molloy, DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
Corysanthes iridescens (Irwin & Molloy) Szlach. Richardiana 3(2): 98 (2003).
Corybas iridescens Irwin & Molloy. NZJBot. 34:1 (1996).
Corybas "A" tagname.

Nematoceras longipetala (Hatch) Molloy, DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
Corybas macranthus (Hook.f) Reichb.f. var. longipetalus Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 76: 580 t.60 (1) (1947).
Corybas longipetalus (Hatch) Hatch. NZNOG J47: 6 (1993), is not that of Schlecht. (1923).
Corybas orbiculatus (Col.) LB Moore FI.NZ. 2 118 (1970) is not Corysanthes orbiculata of Colenso.

Nematoceras macrantha Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 250 (1853).
Corybas macranthus (Hook.f.) Reichb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflk. 67 (1871).
Corysanthes macrantha (Hook.f.) Hook.f. Handbk. NZFI. 266 (1864).
North and South Island forms differ somewhat. Probable hybrids with insect-pollinated members of the C. trilobus aggregate have been reported.

Nematoceras orbiculata (Col.) Molloy, DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
Corysanthes orbiculata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 23: 389 (1891).
Corybas "short tepals",  Corybas "C", tagnames.
Corybas orbiculatus as meant by L.B.Moore. Fl. New Zealand Vol. 2: 118 (1970) and others (1970-1996), is not Corysanthes orbiculatus of Colenso (1891) - see Molloy & Irwin . New Zealand J. Bot. 34 (1): 5 (1996).

Nematoceras pandurata (Cheesem.) Molloy, DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
Corysanthes rotundifolia var. pandurata Cheesem. Man. NZFI. 366 (1925) is not Nematoceras rotundifolia of Hook.f.
This has been regarded as a synonym of Nematoceras rivularis, but its status remains speculative.

Nematoceras papa (Molloy & Irwin) Molloy, DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
Corybas papa Molloy & Irwin. NZJBot. 34 (1): 5(1996).
Corybas "Mt Messenger " or Corybas 'B" tagname's.

Nematoceras papillosa (Col.) Molloy, DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002). Corysanthes papillosa Col. Trans. NZI. 16: 337 (1884).
This has been regarded as a synonym of Nematoceras macrantha, but its status remains speculative.

Nematoceras rivularis (A.Cunn.) Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 251 (1853).
Acianthus rivularis A.Cunn. Compan. Bot. Mag. 2: 376 (1837).
Corysanthes rivularis (A.Cunn.) Hook.f. Handbk. NZ Fl. 266 (1864).
Corybas rivularis (A.Cunn.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
Corysanthes rotundifolia as meant by Cheesem. Man. NZFI. 695 (1906), is not Nematoceras rotundifolia of Hook.f. (1853).
Corybas orbiculatus as meant by Moore. Fl. NZ Vol 2 118 (1970) and others (1970-1996), is not Corysanthes orbiculatus of Colenso. (1891).
Corybas "Kerikeri " tagname. The Corybas rivularis complex includes unnamed taxa tagged C. "Kaimai ", C. "rest area ", C. "Kaitarakihi ", C. "whiskers" (aka "viridis"), C. "Mangahuia", C. "sphagnum "and C. "veil", C. "Pollok".

Nematoceras triloba Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 250 (1853).
Corybas trilobus (Hook.f) Reichb.f Beitr. Syst. Pflk 67 (1871).
Corysanthes triloba (Hook.f.) Hook.f. Handbk. NZFI. 265 (1864).
About 25 taxa in the Corybas trilobus complex are of speculative taxonomic status; they include the tiny May to July flowering forms tagged Corybas "pygmy"; the later-flowering C. "Trotters "(NZNOG. Newsl.; 28: 10-13 [1988]), C. 'Rimutaka"(NZNOG Journal; 58: 8-9 [1996]), C. "round leaf", C. "craigielea ", C. "darkie ", C. "trisept", C. "triwhite".and many others, including perhaps a tetraploid form on the Chatham's (Molloy BPJ Orchids of the Chatham Islands. DOC, 2002).

Singularybas oblongus (Hook. f.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
Nematoceras oblonga Hook.f. Fl. Nov.Zel. 1: 250 t.57B (1853).
Corysanthes oblonga (Hook.f.) Hook.f. Handb. NZ F1. 266 (1864).
Corybas oblongus (Hook.f.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
There are two or three taxa included in this complex. One was named in manuscript by Matthews as Corybas "aestivalis ".

Cryptostylis R.Br. Prodr. 1: 317 (1810)
Cryptostylis subulata (Labill.) Reichb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 15 (1871).
Malaxis subulata Labill. Nov. Holl. Spec. Pl. 2: 62 t.212 (1806).

Cyrtostylis R.Br. Prodr. 1: 322 (1810) Acianthus alliance
Cyrtostylis oblonga Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 246 (1853).
Acianthus reniformis var. oblonga (Hook.f) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. W. 70: 59 (1946).

Cyrtostylis reniformis R.Br. Prodr. 1: 322 (1810).
Cyrtostylis rotundifolia Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 246 (1853).
Cyrtostylis macrophylla Hook.f Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 246 (1853).
Caladenia reniformis (R.Br.) Reichb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflk. 67 (1871).
Cyrtostylis oblonga (Hook.f) var. rotundifolia (Hook.f.) Cheesem. Man. NZFI. 685 (1906).
Acianthus reniformis (R.Br.) Schlecht. Engl. Bot. Jb. 34: 39 (1906).
Acianthus reniformis var. reniformis (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 70: 59 (1946).

Danhatchia Garay & Christenson. Orchadian 11(10): 469 f.471 (1995)
Danhatchia australis
(Hatch) Garay & Christenson. Orchadian 11(10): 469 f471 (1995).
Yoania australis Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ (Bot.) 2: 185 (1963).

Drymoanthus Nicholls. Victorian Naturalist 59: 173 (1943)
Drymoanthus adversus (Hook.f.) Dockrill. Australasian Sarcanthinae 32 t.3 (1967).
Sarcochilus adversus Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 241 (1853).
Sarcochilus breviscapa Col. Trans. NZI 14: 332 (1882).

Drymoanthus flavus St George & Molloy. NZJ Bot. 32: 416 f.1 (1994).

Earina Lindl. Bot. Reg. sub t.1699 (1834)
Earina aestivalis Cheesem. Trans. NZI 51: 93 (1919).

Earina autumnalis (Forst.f.) Hook.f Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 239 (1853).
Epidendrum autumnale Forst.f. Prodr. 60 (1786).
Earina suaveolens Lindl. Bot. Reg. 29 (1843).
Earina alba Colenso. Trans.& Proc NZ Institute 18: 267 (1886).

Earina mucronata Lindl. Bot. Reg. 20 sub t.1699 (1834).
Earina quadrilobata Col. Trans. NZI 15: 325 (1883).

Gastrodia R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 330 (1810)
Gastrodia cunninghamii Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 251 (1853).
Gastrodia leucopetala Col. Trans. NZI. 18: 268 (1886).

Gastrodia minor Petrie. Trans. NZ I. 25: 273 t20 f5-7 (1893).

Gastrodia "long column" agg: there are a number of undescribed Gastrodia with a long column.

Gastrodia aff. sesamoides. Gastrodia sesamoides as meant by Cheesem. Man. NZFI. 697 (1906), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
Gastrodia "city" appears to be a variant.

Ichthyostomum DL Jones, MA Clem. & Molloy. Orchadian 13(11): 499 (2002) Bulbophyllum alliance
Ichthyostomum pygmaeum (Smith) DL Jones, MA Clem. & Molloy. Orchadian 13(11): 499 (2002).
Dendrobium pygmaeum Smith. Rees' Cyclop. 11:n.27 (1808).
Bulbophyllum pygmaeum (Smith) Lindl. Gen. & Spec. Orch. Pl. 58 (1830).
Bulbophyllum ichthyostomum Col. Trans. NZI. 26: 319 (1894).

Microtis R.Br. Prodr. 1: 320 (1810) Prasophyllum alliance
Microtis arenaria Lindl. Gen. & Spec. Orch. Pl. t.306 (1840).
Microtis biloba Nicholls. Vict. Naturalist 66: 93 O -L (1949).

Microtis oligantha Moore. NZJBot. 6: 473 f. 1 (1969).
Microtis magnadenia as meant by Hatch. in Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ (Bot.) 2: 185-9 (1963), is not that of Rogers (1930).

Microtis parviflora R.Br. Prodr. 1: 321 (1810).
Microtis javanica Reichb.f. Bonplandia 5: 36 (1857).
Microtis benthamiana Reichb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflk. 24 (1871).
Microtis porrifolia (Sw.) R.Br. ex Spreng. var. parviflora (R.Br.) Rodway. Tasm. Fl. 159 (1903).
Microtis aemula Schlecht. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 37 (1906).
Microtis bipulvinaris Nicholls. Vict. Naturalist 66: 92-4, fA-F (1949).
Microtis holmesii Nicholls. Vict. Naturalist 66: 93 f G-I (1949).

Microtis unifolia (Forst.f.) Reichb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflk. 62 (1871).
Ophrys unifolia Forst.f. Fl. Ins. Austr. 59 (1786).
Epipactis porrifolia Sw. Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya. Handl. 21: 233 (1800).
Microtis porrifolia (Sw.) R.Br. ex Spreng. Syst. Veget. 3: 713 (1826).
Microtis banksii A.Cunn. Bot. Mag. 62: sub 1.3377 (1835).
Microtis frutetorum Schltdl. Linnaea 20: 568 (1847).
Microtis viridis F.Muell. Fragm. 5: 97 (1866).
Microtis longifolia Col. Trans. NZI 17: 247 (1885).
Microtis papillosa Col. Trans. NZI. 18: 269 (1886).
Microtis pulchella as meant by Lindley. Gen. & Spec. Orch. Pl. 395 (1840) is not that of R.Br. (1810).
There are a number of different taxa in the Microtis unifolia aggregate, perhaps including some of the taxa currently placed in synonymy.

Orthoceras R.Br. Prodr. 1: 316 (1810)
Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae (A.Rich.) MA Clem., DL Jones & Molloy. Catalogue Austr. Orch. 100 (1989).
Diuris novae-zeelandiae A.Rich. Essai Fl. Nov. Zel. 163 t.25 f.I (1832).
Orthoceras solandri Lindl. Gen. & Sp. Orch. Pl. 512 (1840).
Orthoceras rubrum Col. Trans. NZI. 18: 273 (1886).
Orthoceras caput-serpentis Col. Trans. NZI. 22: 490 (1890).
Orthoceras strictum R.Br. forma viride Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z. Bot.2; 195 (1963).

Orthoceras strictum R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 317 (1810).

Paracaleana Blaxell. Contr. N.S. W. Nat!. Herb. 4: 281 (1972)
Paracaleana minor (R.Br.) Blaxell. Contr. N.S. W Natl. Herb. 4: 281 (1972).
Caleana minor R.Br. Prodr. 1: 329 (1810). Caleya minor (R.Br.) Sweet. Hort. Brit. 385 (1827).
Caleya sullivanii F.Muell. Chem. &Druggist,Aust. suppl. 4: 44 (1882).
Paracaleana sullivanii (F.Muell.) Blaxell. Contr. NS W. Natl. Herb. 4:281 (1972).
Caleana nublingii Nicholls. Vict. Naturalist 48: 15 (1931).
Sullivania minor (R.Br.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 15: 36 (2005).

Petalochilus Rogers. JBot 62: 65 (1924)Caladenia alliance
Petalochilus calyciformis Rogers. JBot. Lond. 62: 661.571, 1-3 (1924).
Moore (1970) treated this as an aberrant form of Caladenia.

Petalochilus saccatus Rogers. JBot. Lond. 62: 66 t.571, 4-7 (1924).
Caladenia saccata (RS Rogers) Hopper & AP Br. Australian Systematic Botany; 17: 171-240 (2004).
Moore (1970) treated this as an aberrant form of Caladenia.

Prasophyllum R.Br. Prodr. 1: 317 (1810)
Prasophyllum colensoi Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 241 (1853).
Prasophyllum pauciflorum Col. Trans. NZI. 18:273 (1886).
Prasophyllum rogersii as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 76: 290 (1946) is not that of Rogers & Rees 1921.
Probably a number of taxa, possibly including Irwin's P. "A" and P. "B" (NZNOG Journal 79: 9-10 [2001]).

Prasophyllum hectori: Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 15: 41 (2005)
Gastrodia hectori Buchanan. Trans. NZI 19: 214 (1886).
Prasophyllum patens as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. (1906), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
Prasophyllum suttoni as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 76: 291 (1946) is not that of Rupp (1928).
There may be more than one taxon here.

Pterostylis R.Br. Prodr. 1: 326 (1810)
Pterostylis agathicola DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 266 (1997).
Pterostylis montana (Hatch) var. rubricaulis (Cheesem.) Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 77: 240 p1.23 (1949).
Pterostylis graminea (Hook.f) var. rubricaulis H.B.Matthews ex Cheesem. Man. NZFL. 351 (1925).
Pterostylis `rubricaulis"tagname.

Pterostylis alobula (Hatch) LB Moore. NZJBot. 6: 486 f.3 (1969).
Diplodium alobulum (Hatch) DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Aust. Orch. Res. 4: 70 (2003). Pterostylis trullifolia as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. (1906), is not that of Hook.f.
Pterostylis trullifolia Hook.f. var. alobula Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 77: 244, t.30, f.3E-H (1949).

Pterostylis alveata Garnet. Vict. Naturalist 59: 91 (1939).
Diplodium alveatum (Garnet) DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Aust. Orch. Res. 4: 70 (2002).

Pterostylis areolata Petrie. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 50: 210 (1918).

Pterostylis auriculata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 22: 489 (1890).
Pterostylis "Catlins" tagname

Pterostylis australis Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 248 (1853).

Pterostylis banksii A.Cunn. Compan. Bot. Mag. 2: 376 (1837).
Pterostylis emarginata Col. Trans. NZI 15: 328 (1883).
Pterostylis speciosa Col. Trans. NZI. 22: 488 (1890).
Pterostylis subsimilis Col. Trans. NZI 28: 611 (1896).

Pterostylis aff banksii A smaller taxon than true P. banksii, common around Wellington, and apparently found elsewhere (see NZNOG Journal 80: 14,19 [2001]).

Pterostylis brumalis Moore. NZJBot. 6: 485 f.3 (1969).
Diplodium brumale (LB Moore) DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Aust. Orch. Res. 4: 70 (2002).

Pterostylis cardiostigma DA Cooper NZJBot. 21: 97 (1983).

Pterostylis cernua DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 267 f (1997).

Pterostylis foliata Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 249 (1853).
Pterostylis gracilis Nicholls. Vict. Naturalist 43: 324-6 (1927).
Pterostylis vereenae Rogers. Trans. Roy. Soc. S.A. 38: 360-1 f.18 (2) (1914).

Pterostylis graminea Hook.f Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 248 (1853).
There may be several taxa in the P. graminea complex, including one tagged P. "sphagnum".

Pterostylis humilis Rogers. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. A. 46: 151 (1922).

Pterostylis irsoniana Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 78: 104 t.18 (1950).

Pterostylis irwinii DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 269 (1997).
Pterostylis "Erua" tagname.

Pterostylis micromega Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 248 (1853).
Pterostylis polyphylla Col. Trans. NZI. 22: 489 (1890).
Pterostylis furcata Lindl. var. micromega Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 80: 326 (1953).

Pterostylis montana Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 77: 239 t.22 (1949).

Pterostylis aff. montana agg: includes several undescribed taxa.

Pterostylis nutans R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 327 (1810).
Pterostylis matthewsii Cheeseman. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 47: 46 (1915).

Pterostylis oliveri Petrie. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 26: 270 (1894).

Pterostylis paludosa DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 271 (1997).
Pterostylis montana Hatch. var. linearis Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 77: 243 p1.29, 2 (1949).
Pterostylis "linearis " tagname.

Pterostylis patens Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 270 (1886).
Pterostylis banksii Hook.f. var. patens (Colenso) Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 75: 370 (1945).

Pterostylis porrecta DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 272 (1997).
Pterostylis aff. graminea.
P. "Hackett" tagname.

Pterostylis puberula Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 249 (1853).
Linguella puberula (Hook.f.) DL Jones & MA Clem. Austr. Orch. Res 4: 75 (2003)
Pterostylis nana as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ77: 237 (1949), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
Pterostylis aff. nana.

Pterostylis silvicultrix (F.Muell.) DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Aust. Orch. Res. 4: 66 (2002).
Pterostylis banksii var. silvicultrix F.Muell. Veg. Chath. Is. 51 (1864).

Pterostylis tanypoda DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 273 (1997).
Hymenochilus tanypodus (DL Jones, Molloy & M.A Clem.) DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Austr. Orch. Res 4: 74 (2002).
Pterostylis cycnocephala as meant by Moore. Fl. NZ Vol 2 135 (1970) and others (1970-1997), is not that of Fitzg. (1876).

Pterostylis tasmanica DL Jones. Muelleria 8(2): 177 (1994).
Pterostylis squamata as meant by Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 249 (1853), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
Pterostylis barbata as meant by Cheesem. Man. NZFl. 683 (1906), is not that of Lindl. (1840).
Pterostylis plumosa as meant by Cooper. Field guide to NZ native orchids 51 (1981), is not that of Cady (1969).
Plumatochilos tasmanicus (DL Jones) Szlach. Polish Bot. J46(1): 23 (2001).

Pterostylis tristis Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 271 (1886).
Hymenochilus tristis (Col.) DL Jones, Molloy & MA Clem. Austr. Orch. Res 4: 74 (2002).
Pterostylis mutica as meant by Cheeseman. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 15: 300 (1883), is not that of R.Br. (1810).

Pterostylis trullifolia Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 249 (1853).
Pterostylis rubella Col. Trans. NZI. 18: 271 (1886).
Pterostylis trullifolia Hook.f. var. gracilis Cheesem. Trans. NZI. 47: 271 (1915).
Pterostylis trullifolia Hook.f. var. rubella Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 77: 244 (1949).
Diplodium trullifolium (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 72 (2002).

Pterostylis venosa Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 28: 610 (1896).
Pterostylis confertifolia Allan. Trans. NZI. 56: 32 (1926).
Pterostylis trifolia Col. Trans. NZI. 31: 281 (1899).

Spiranthes L.C.Rich. Orchideas Eur. Annot 20, 28, 36 (1817)
Spiranthes novae-zelandiae Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 243 (1853).
Spiranthes australis as meant by Hook.f. Handb. NZFL. 272 (1864), is not that of Lindl. (1824).
Spiranthes sinensis as meant by Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. NSW. 70: 58 (1946), is not that of Ames (1908).
Spiranthes lancea as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 82: 614 (1954), is not that of Backer, van den Brink & van Stpenis (1950).
The name Neottia sinensis was never used for NZ plants. Nor was the name Spiranthes sinensis var. australis (R.Br.) H.Hara & Kitam. Acta Phytotox. Geobot. 36 (1-3): 93 (1985).

Spiranthes "Motutangi" tagname for endangered Far North taxon similar to S. australis.

Thelymitra J.R.Forster & Forst.f. Char. Gen. Pl. 97 t.49 (1776)
Thelymitra aemula
Cheesem. Trans. NZI. 51: 94 (1919).

Thelymitra aff. brevifolia Jeanes

Thelymitra carnea R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 314 (1810).
Thelymitra imberbis Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel.; 1: 244 (1853).
Thelymitra carnea R.Br. var. imberbis (Hook.f.) Rüpp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 59 (1946).

Thelymitra cyanea (Lindl.) Benth. Fl. Austr. 6: 323 (1873).
Macdonaldia cyanea Lindl. Bot. Reg. 25 (1840).
Thelymitra uniflora Hook.f. Bot. Antarct. Voy., Vol. 1, Fl. Antarct.: 70 (1844).
Thelymitra venosa as meant by Cheesem. Man. NZ Fl. 671 (1906), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
Thelymitra venosa R.Br. var. typica Hatch, var. cedricsmithii Hatch, var. cyanea Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ79: 390-1 (1952).

Thelymitra x dentata: a sterile hybrid of T. longifolia x T pulchella.
Thelymitra dentata Moore. NZ JBot. 6: 478 f.2 (1969).

Thelymitra formosa Col. Trans. NZI. 16: 338 (1884).
Thelymitra circumsepta as meant by Hatch. N.ZN.O.G. J65: 8 (1997), is not that of Fitzg. (1878).

Thelymitra hatchii Moore. NZJBot. 6: 477 f.2 (1969).
Thelymitra pachyphylla as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 79: 394 p1.79 D-H (1952), is not that of Cheesem. (1906).

Thelymitra intermedia Bergg. Minneskr. Fisiog. Sallsk. Lund 8: 21 f (1878).
Thelymitra longifolia J.R.Forster & Forst.f. var. stenopetala Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 79: 396 p1.80 F-H (1952).
Thelymitra longifolia J.R.Forster & Forst.f. var. intermedia Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 79: 396 p1.80 J (1952).
Was tagged T. "pseudopauciflora" for a time.
Thelymitra colensoi Hook.f Handbk. NZFl. 271 (1864) has been identified with T. intermedia but the description does not fit well.

Thelymitra aff. ixioides.
Thelymitra ixioides as meant by Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 669 (1864), is not that of Swartz. (Kongl. Vetansk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 253, t.3, f.L [1800]).
Thelymitra ixioides var. typica (Hook.f) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. W. 70: 59 (1945).
T. ixioides is insect pollinated in Australia - the NZ taxon is not.

Thelymitra longifolia J.R.Forster & Forst.f Char. Gen. Pl. 98 t.49 (1776).
Serapias regularis Banks & Sol. ex Forst.f. Prodr. 59 (1776).
Thelymitra forsteri Swartz. K. Svenska Vet. Akad. Handl. 21: 228 (1800).
Thelymitra nemoralis Col. Trans. NZI. 17: 249 (1885).
Thelymitra alba Col. Trans. NZI. 18: 272 (1886).
Thelymitra cornuta Col. Trans. NZI. 20: 206 (1888).
Thelymitra longifolia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. var. alba (Colenso) Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 339 (1925).
Thelymitra longifolia J.R.Forster & Forst.f. var. forsteri Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 79: 396 p1.80 B-E (1952).
Thelymitra aristata as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 79 pl. 79-80 (1952), is not that of Lindl. (1840).

Thelymitra aff. longifolia agg: some undescribed taxa that appear to be insect-pollinated.

Thelymitra malvina MA Clem., DL Jones & Molloy. Austr. Orch. Research 1: 141 (1989).

Thelymitra matthewsii Cheeseman. Trans. NZI 43: 177 (1911).

Thelymitra nervosa Col. Trans. NZI. 20: 207 (1888).
Thelymitra decora Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 1151 (1906).

Thelymitra aff. pauciflora agg.
Thelymitra pauciflora as meant by Cheesem. Man. NZFI. 2nd Ed. 340 (1925), and others until now, is not that of R.Br. (1810).

Thelymitra pulchella Hook.f. Fl. Nov. Zel. 1: 244 (1853).
Thelymitra concinna Col. Trans. NZI. 20: 207 (1888).
Thelymitra fimbriata Col. Trans. NZI 22: 490 (1890).
Thelymitra pachyphylla Cheesem. Man. NZ Fl. 1151 (1906).
Thelymitra caesia Petrie. Trans. NZI. 51: 107 (1919).
T pulchella is a very variable species, yet all of these appear to have features that are relatively stable in some populations.

Thelymitra purpureofusca Col. Trans. NZI 17: 249 (1885).
Thelymitra "Whakapapa": undescribed taxon from Ruapehu, may be this, or may be distinct.

Thelymitra sanscilia Irwin ex Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ79: 397 pl. 81 B-E (1952).

Thelymitra tholiformis Molloy & Hatch. NZJ Bot. 28: 111 El (1990).
Thelymitra intermedia as meant by Moore. FL.NZ Vol 2 129 (1970), is not that of Berggr. (1878).

Thelymitra "Ahipara": a cleistogamous, unnamed taxon from the far north.

Thelymitra "Comet": a large, late-flowering Thelymitra from the Kaweka range. Appears to be sterile, so probably a hybrid.

Thelymitra "darkie": undescribed taxon from the Far North. See McCrae NZNOG Journal 24: 11; 77: 22 (1987).

Thelymitra "rough leaf": undescribed taxon from the Far North. See McCrae NZNOG Journal 24: 11; 77: 22 (1987).

Thelymitra "sky": undescribed taxon from the Far North. See Scanlen NZNOG 70: 30-35 f.6 (1998).

Townsonia Cheesem. Man. NZ FL 692 (1906) Acianthus alliance
Townsonia deflexa Cheesem. Man. NZFI. 692 (1906).
Townsonia viridis as meant by Schlecht. Fedde Repert. Spec. Nov. Regn. Veg. 9: 250 (1911), is not Acianthus viridis of Hook.f. (1860).
Acianthus viridis as meant by Moore. Fl. NZ Vol 2 107 (1970), is not that of Hook.f. (1860).

Waireia DL Jones, MA Clem. & Molloy. Orchadian 12(6): 282 (1997).
Waireia stenopetala (Hook.f.) DL Jones, MA Clem. & Molloy. Orchadian 12(6): 282 (1997).
Thelymitra stenopetala (Hook.f.) Bot. Antarct. Voy., Vol. 1, Fl. Antarct.: 69 (1844).
Lyperanthus antarcticus Hook.f. Bot. Antarct. Voy., Vol. 1, Fl. Antarct.: 544 (1847).

Winika MA Clem., DL Jones & Molloy. Orchadian 12(5): 214 (1997) Dendrobium alliance
Winika cunninghamii (Lindl.) MA Clem., DL Jones & Molloy. Orchadian 12(5): 214 (1997).
Dendrobium biforum as meant by A. Rich. Essai Fl. Nov. Zel. 221 (1832), is not that of Swartz (1800).
Dendrobium cunninghamii Lindl. Bot. Reg. 21 sub. t.1756 (1835).
Dendrobium lessonii Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 15: 326 (1883).

 

 

 

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