Species list

The 2015 list of New Zealand Orchid Taxa.
Compiled by Ian St George
With thanks to Murray Dawson for constructive comments and for correcting the formatting.

* Currently accepted names are underlined.
  Previous names for each species are noted underneath.

 
   
 

Acianthus - R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 321 (1810). Acianthus alliance

  • Acianthus sinclairii Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 245 (1853).
    Acianthus fornicatus var. sinclairii (Hook.f.) Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 75: 369 (1945).


Adenochilus
- Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 246, t.56A (1853)


Aporostylis
- Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 60 (1946)

  • Aporostylis bifolia (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 60 (1946).
    Caladenia bifolia Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 247 (1853).
    Chiloglottis traversii F.Muell. Veg. Chath. Is. 51 (1864).
    Caladenia macrophylla Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 27: 396 (1895).
    Chiloglottis bifolia (Hook.f.) Schltr. Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 45: 383 (1911).


Bulbophyllum
- Thouars. Hist. Orchid., Tabl. Esp. 3. (1822).

  • Bulbophyllum tuberculatum Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 336 (1884).
    Adelopetalum tuberculatum (Colenso) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy. Orchadian 13(11): 498 (2002)
    Bulbophyllum exiguum as meant by Buchanan. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 397 (1884), is not that of F.Muell. (1861). 
  • Bulbophyllum pygmaeum (Sm.) Lindl. Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 58 (1830).
    Ichthyostomum pygmaeum (Sm.) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy. Orchadian 13(11): 499 (2002)
    Dendrobium pygmaeum Sm. in Rees. Cycl. (Rees) 11: n.27 (1808).
    Bulbophyllum ichthyostomum Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 26: 319 (1894).


Caladenia
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 323 (1810).

  • Caladenia alata R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 324 (1810).
    Caladenia minor var. exigua Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 688 (1906).
    Caladenia exigua Cheeseman. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 45: 96 (1913).
    Caladenia carnea var. alata (R.Br.) Domin. Bibliotheca Botanica Heft 85: 549 (1915).
    Caladenia carnea var. exigua (Cheeseman) Rupp. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 69: 75 (1944).
    Caladenia holmesii Rupp. Victoria Naturalist 70: 179 (1954).
    Caladenia catenata var. exigua (Cheeseman) W.M.Curtis. Stud. Fl. Tasman., 4A: 133 (1979).
    Petalochilus alatus (R.Br.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 406 (2001).
  • Caladenia aff. alpina
    Plants structurally closer to C. alpina than to C. lyallii are in NZ (see St George. NZNOG Journal 63: 4 [1997]).
  • Caladenia atradenia D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(5): 221 (1997).
    Caladenia iridescens as meant by Hatch. NZNOG Newsletter 16: 1 (1985), is not that of R.S.Rogers (1920).
    Caladenia carnea var. minor forma calliniger Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 2: 187 (1963).
    Stegostyla atradenia (D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 414 (2001).
    Caladenia iridescens as meant by Hatch. N.Z.N.O.G. Newsl. 16: 1 (1985) is not that of Rogers (1920).
    "
    Caladenia calliniger" and Caladenia aff. iridescens tagnames.
  • Caladenia bartlettii (Hatch) D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(5): 227 (1997).
    Caladenia carnea var. bartlettii Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 77: 402 (1949).
    Petalochilus bartlettii (Hatch) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 406 (2001).
  • Caladenia chlorostyla D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(5): 223 f1 (1997).
    Petalochilus chlorostylus D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 406 (2001).
    Caladenia carnea var. minor (Hook.f.) Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 77: 401 (1949).
    Caladenia catenata as meant by Cooper. Field guide to the NZ native orchids 17 (1984), is not that of Druce (1917).
    Caladenia "green column" tagname.
    Arethusa catenata and Caladenia alba are names used for Australian plants once confused with NZ taxa.
  • Caladenia minor
    Is a similar taxon to Caladenia chlorostyla, with red hairs on the backs of the tepals and later flowering.

    Caladenia aff chlorostyla
    Caladenia carnea var. pygmaea (R.S.Rogers) Rupp. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 69: 74 (1944).
    Caladenia catenata var. minor (Hook.f.) W.M.Curtis. Stud. Fl. Tasman., 4A: 106 (1979).
    Petalochilus minor (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 410 (2001).
    The identity of Caladenia minor is not clear, but it may be the taxon known as C. aff. chlorostyla.
  • Caladenia lyallii Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 247 (1853).
    Stegostyla lyallii (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 413 (2001).
    There seem to be a number of taxa currently included in the C. lyallii agg., including a small form from Iwitahi and Nelson Lakes.
  • Caladenia nothofageti D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(5): 226, f.1 (1997).
    Petalochilus nothofageti (D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 410 (2001).
  • Caladenia variegata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 248 (1885).
    Petalochilus variegatus (Colenso) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(9): 410 (2001).
    Caladenia "big pink" tagname.
    Some flowers have a clear two rows of calli on the labellum, others have extra calli scattered to either side of the two rows.
  • Caladenia fuscata
    A small pink flowered entity which appears similar to the variable Australian species Caladenia fuscata. See Scanlen. NZNOG Journal 72: 22 [1999]).
    It appears to be identical with HB Matthews's Caladenia "nitida-rosea" (see Scanlen E. Matthews & son on orchids. NZNOG Historical Series 2006; 14: 12).
  • Caladenia pusilla
    A tiny pink flowered entity with broad oval sepals and petals, an incurved dorsal sepal and a triangular labellar midlobe.
    Grows near Wellington, Rotorua, Taranaki and in Northland (W.M.Curtis. Stud. Fl. Tasman., 4A: 133 [1980]).


Calochilus
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 320 (1810)

  • Calochilus herbaceus Lindl. Gen. & Spec. Orch. Plant.: 45 (1840).
    Calochilus campestris as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 77: 248 (1949), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
  • Calochilus robertsonii Benth. Fl. Austral. 6: 315 (1873).
    Calochilus campestris as meant by Fitzg. Austral. Orchids 1(4): t.6 (1878), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
    Calochilus campestris as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 686 (1906), is not that of R.Br. (1810).


Chiloglottis
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 323 (1810).

  • Chiloglottis cornuta Hook.f. Bot. Antarct. Voy., Vol. 1, Fl. Antarct.: 69 (1844).
    Simpliglottis cornuta (Hook.f.) Szlach. Polish Bot. J. 46(1): 13 (2001).
    Caladenia cornuta (Hook.f.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
    The NZ form of Chiloglottis cornuta may differ from the Australian, and may be an aggregate.
  • Chiloglottis formicifera Fitzg. Austral. Orchids 1(3): (1877).
    Myrmechila formicifera (Fitzg.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 15(1): 37 (2005).
    Not seen in NZ since the early 20th Century.
  • Chiloglottis trapeziformis Fitzg. Austral. Orchids 1(3): (1877).
    Myrmechila trapeziformis (Fitzg.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 15(1): 37 (2005).
  • Chiloglottis valida D.L.Jones. Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 43-44, t. 54, plate p.92 (1991).
    Simpliglottis valida (D.L.Jones) Szlach. Polish Bot. J. 46(1): 14 (2001).
    Chiloglottis gunnii as meant by Molloy. Native orchids of NZ: 9 (1983), is not that of Lindl. (1840).


Corybas
- Salisb. Parad. Lond. t.83 (1805).

  • Corybas acuminatus M.A.Clem. & Hatch. New Zealand J. Bot. 23: 491, f.2 (1985).
    Nematoceras acuminatum (M.A.Clem. & Hatch) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Corysanthes acuminata (M.A.Clem. & Hatch) Szlach. Richardiana 3(2): 97 (2003).
    Corybas rivularis as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 697 (1906), and others (1906-1985), is not Acianthus rivularis of A.Cunn. (1837).
  • Corybas carsei (Cheeseman) Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 75: 367 (1945).
    Anzybas carsei (Cheeseman) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 443 (2002).
    Corysanthes carsei Cheeseman. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 44: 162 (1912).
    Corybas unguiculatus as meant by L.B.Moore. Fl. New Zealand Vol. 2: 116 (1970) is not Corysanthes unguiculatus of R.Br. (1810).
  • Corybas cheesemanii (Hook.f. ex Kirk) Kuntze. Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 657 (1891).
    Corysanthes cheesemanii Hook.f. ex Kirk. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 3: 180 (1871).
    Corybas aconitiflorus as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 75: 367 (1945), is not that of Salisb. (1807) 
  • Corybas cryptanthus Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 83: 577 (1956).
    Molloybas cryptanthus (Hatch) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 448 (2002).
    Corybas saprophyticus as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 366, t.71 (1952), is not that of Schltr. (1923).
  • Corybas hypogaeus
    Nematoceras hypogaeum (Colenso) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Corysanthes hypogaea Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 336 (1884).
  • Corybas iridescens Irwin & Molloy. New Zealand J. Bot. 34: 1, f.1 (1996).
    Nematoceras iridescens (Irwin & Molloy) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Corysanthes iridescens (Irwin & Molloy) Szlach. Richardiana 3(2): 98 (2003).
    Corybas "A" tagname.
  • Corybas macranthus (Hook.f.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
    Corysanthes macrantha (Hook.f.) Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 266 (1864).
    Nematoceras macranthum (Hook.f.) Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 250 (1853).
    There are several entities in this aggregate.
    Probable hybrids with insect-pollinated members of the N. trilobum aggregate have been reported.
  • Corybas oblongus (Hook.f.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
    Singularybas oblongus (Hook.f.) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Nematoceras oblonga Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 250, t.57B (1853).
    Corysanthes oblonga (Hook.f.) Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 266 (1864).

    There are two or three taxa included in this complex.

    One appears to be identical with HB Matthews'  Corysanthes "aestivalis"  (see Scanlen E. Matthews & son. NZNOG Historical Series 2006; 14:12).
    A white flowered form (West Coast and subantarctic islands) is more clearly separate.
  • Corybas orbiculatus (Colenso) L.B.Moore. Fl. New Zealand Vol. 2: 118 (1970).
    Nematoceras orbiculatum (Colenso) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Corysanthes orbiculata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 23: 389 (1891).
    Corybas orbiculatus as meant by L.B.Moore. Fl. New Zealand Vol. 2: 118 (1970) and others (1970-1996), is not Corysanthes orbiculatus of Colenso (1891)
    (see Molloy & Irwin. New Zealand J. Bot. 34 (1): 5 [1996]).

    Corybas "short tepals" and Corybas "C" tagnames.
  • Corybas papa Molloy & Irwin. New Zealand J. Bot. 34(1): 5, f.1 (1996).
    Nematoceras papa (Molloy & Irwin) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Corysanthes papa (Molloy & Irwin) Szlach. Richardiana 3(2): 98 (2003).
    Corybas "Mt Messenger" and Corybas "B" tagnames.
  • Corybas papillosus
    Nematoceras papillosum (Colenso) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Corysanthes papillosa Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 337 (1884).
    This has been regarded as a form of Corybas macranthus, though its status remains speculative.
  • Corybas rivularis (A.Cunn.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
    Acianthus rivularis A.Cunn. Companion Bot. Mag. 2: 376 (1837).
    Corysanthes rivularis (A.Cunn.) Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 266 (1864).
    Nematoceras rivulare (A.Cunn.) Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 251 (1853).
    Nematoceras panduratum (Cheeseman) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Corysanthes rotundifolia as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 695 (1906), is not Nematoceras rotundifolia of Hook.f. (1853).
    Corybas orbiculatus as meant by L.B.Moore. Fl. New Zealand Vol. 2: 118 (1970) and others (1970-1996), is not Corysanthes orbiculatus of Colenso (1891).

    The Corybas rivularis complex includes unnamed taxa with the tagnames:

    C. "Kaimai"
    C. "rest area"
    C. "Kaitarakihi"
    C. " Pollok"
    C. "veil"
    C. "sphagnum"
    C. "whiskers" (aka C. "viridis")
    and several others.
  • Corybas rotundifolius (Hook.f.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
    Anzybas rotundifolius (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 443 (2002).
    Nematoceras rotundifolia Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 251 (1853).
    Corysanthes rotundifolia (Hook.f.) Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 266 (1864).
    Corysanthes matthewsii Cheeseman. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 31: 351 (1899).
    Corybas matthewsii (Cheeseman) Schltr. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 23 (1923).
    Corybas unguiculatus as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 75: 367 (1945), is not Corysanthes unguiculatus of R.Br. (1810).
  • Corybas sulcatus
    A form on the Chathams, similar to C. sulcatus from Macquarie Is (see Molloy BPJ. Orchids of the Chatham Islands. DOC [2002]).
  • Corybas trilobus (Hook.f.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
    Corysanthes triloba (Hook.f.) Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 265 (1864).
    Nematoceras trilobum Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 250 (1853).

    About 25 taxa in the Corybas trilobus complex are of speculative taxonomic status; they include

    Corybas "pygmy"
    C. "Rimutaka"
    C. "round leaf"
    C. "craigielea"
    C. "darkie"
    C. "trisept"
    C. "triwhite"  
    and many others.

    The Corybas trilobus complex has tetraploids in the South Island and Chatham I., and predominantly diploids in the North Island,
    but further chromosome counts are needed (see Dawson, Molloy & Beuzenberg. New Zealand J. Bot. 45(4): 644 [2007]).
  • Corybas "Waiouru"
    Corybas macranthus (Hook.f.) Rchb.f. var. longipetalus Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 76: 580, t.60(1) (1947).
    Nematoceras longipetalum (Hatch) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 449 (2002).
    Corybas longipetalus (Hatch) Hatch. NZNOG Journal 47: 6 (1993), is not that of Schltr. (1923).


Cryptostylis
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 317 (1810)

  • Cryptostylis subulata (Labill.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 15 (1871).
    Malaxis subulata Labill. Nov. Holl. Pl. 2: 62, t.212 (1806).


Cyrtostylis
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 322 (1810). Acianthus alliance

  • Cyrtostylis oblonga Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 246 (1853).
    Acianthus reniformis var. oblonga (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 59 (1946).
  • Cyrtostylis rotundifolia Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 246 (1853).
    Cyrtostylis macrophylla Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 246 (1853).
    Caladenia reniformis (R.Br.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 67 (1871).
    Cyrtostylis oblonga var. rotundifolia (Hook.f.) Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 685 (1906).
    Acianthus reniformis (R.Br.) Schltr. Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 34: 39 (1906).
    Acianthus reniformis var. reniformis (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 59 (1946).
    Cyrtostylis reniformis as used by many authors until now is not that of R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 322 (1810).


Danhatchia
- Garay & Christenson. Orchadian 11(10): 469, f.471 (1995)

  • Danhatchia australis (Hatch) Garay & Christenson. Orchadian 11(10): 470 (1995).
    Yoania australis Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 2: 185 (1963).


Dendrobium
- Swartz. Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 2, 6: 82. (1799).

  • Dendrobium cunninghamii Lindl. Bot. Reg. 21 sub. t.1756 (1835).
    Winika cunninghamii (Lindl.) M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy. Orchadian 12(5): 214 (1997).
    Dendrobium biflorum as meant by A.Rich. Essai Fl. Nov. Zel. 221 (1832), is not that of Sw. (1800).
    Dendrobium lessonii Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 15: 326 (1883).


Drymoanthus
- Nicholls. Victorian Naturalist 59: 173 (1943)

  • Drymoanthus adversus (Hook.f.) Dockrill. Australasian Sarcanthinae: 32, t.3 (1967).
    Sarcochilus adversus Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 241 (1853).
    Sarcochilus breviscapa Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 14: 332 (1882).


Earina
- Lindl. Bot. Reg. sub t.1699 (1834)

  • Earina autumnalis (G.Forst.) Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 239 (1853).
    Epidendrum autumnale G.Forst. Prodr. 60 (1786).
    Earina suaveolens Lindl. Bot. Reg. 29 (1843).
    Earina alba Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 267 (1886).
  • Earina mucronata Lindl. Bot. Reg. 20 sub t.1699 (1834).
    Earina quadrilobata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 15: 325 (1883).


Gastrodia
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 330 (1810)

  • Gastrodia cunninghamii Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 251 (1853).
    Gastrodia leucopetala Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 268 (1886).
  • Gastrodia minor Petrie. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 25: 273, t.20, f.5-7 (1893).
  • Gastrodia sesamoides
    Gastrodia sesamoides as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 697 (1906), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
    Gastrodia "city" appears to be a variant.


Genoplesium
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 319 (1810).

  • Genoplesium nudum (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones c M.A.Clem. Lindleyana 4(3): 144 (1989).
    Prasophyllum nudum Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 242 (1853).
    Prasophyllum tunicatum Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 242 (1853).
    Prasophyllum variegatum Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 208 (1888).
    Corunastylis nuda (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 461 (2002).
  • Genoplesium pumilum (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Lindleyana 4(3): 144 (1989).
    Prasophyllum pumilum Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 242 (1853).
    Corunastylis pumila (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 13(10): 461 (2002). 


Microtis
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 320 (1810). Prasophyllum alliance

  • Microtis arenaria Lindl. Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. t.306 (1840).
    Microtis biloba Nicholls. Victoria Naturalist 66: 93, f.O-L (1949).
  • Microtis oligantha L.B.Moore. New Zealand J. Bot. 6: 473, f.1 (1969).
    Microtis magnadenia as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 2: 185-189 (1963), is not that of R.S.Rogers (1930).
  • Microtis parviflora R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 321 (1810).
    Microtis javanica Rchb.f. Bonplandia 5: 36 (1857).
    Microtis benthamiana Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 24 (1871).
    Microtis longifolia Col. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 247 (1885).
    Microtis porrifolia var. parviflora (R.Br.) Rodway. Tasman. Fl. 159 (1903).
    Microtis aemula
    Schltr. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 37 (1906).
    Microtis bipulvinaris Nicholls. Victoria Naturalist 66: 92-94, f.A-F (1949).
    Microtis holmesii Nicholls. Victoria Naturalist 66: 93, f.G-I (1949).
  • Microtis unifolia (G.Forst.) Rchb.f. Beitr. Syst. Pflanzenk. 62 (1871).
    Ophrys unifolia G.Forst. Fl. Ins. Austr. 59 (1786).
    Epipactis porrifolia Sw. Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 233 (1800).
    Microtis porrifolia (Sw.) R.Br. ex Spreng. Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) [Sprengel] 3: 713 (1826).
    Microtis banksii A.Cunn. Bot. Mag. 62: sub 1.3377 (1835).
    Microtis frutetorum Schltdl. Linnaea 20: 568 (1847).
    Microtis viridis F.Muell. Fragm. (1866).
    Microtis longifolia Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 247 (1885). This is a late flowering form.
    Microtis papillosa Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 269 (1886).
    Microtis pulchella as meant by Lindl. Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 395 (1840), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
  • Microtis aff. unifolia
    A late flowering form allied to M. unifolia and M. parviflora.
    M. longifolia Col. is late flowering, but structurally indistinguishable.


Orthoceras
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 316 (1810)

  • Orthoceras novae-zeelandiae (A.Rich.) M.A.Clem., D.L.Jones & Molloy. Austral. Orchid Res., 1: 100 (1989).
    Diuris novae-zeelandiae A.Rich. Essai Fl. Nov. Zel. 163 t.25, f.1 (1832).
    Orthoceras solandri Lindl. Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 512 (1840).
    Orthoceras rubrum Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 273 (1886).
    Orthoceras caput-serpentis Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 22: 490 (1890).
    Orthoceras strictum forma viride Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z. Bot.2; 195 (1963).
  • Orthoceras strictum R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 317 (1810).
    The longer vs shorter floral bracts and pointed vs round labella are present in some N.Z. plants, suggesting O. strictum is in N.Z.


Paracaleana
- D.F. Blaxell. Contributions from the NSW National Herbarium 4: 275–283 (1972).

  • Paracaleana minor (R.Br.) Blaxell. Contr. New South Wales Natl. Herb. 4: 281 (1972).
    Sullivania minor (R.Br.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 15: 36 (2005).
    Caleana minor R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 329 (1810).
    Caleya minor (R.Br.) Sweet. Hort. Brit. (Sweet) 385 (1827).
    Caleya sullivanii F.Muell. Australas. Chem. Druggist 4: 44 (1882).
    Caleana nublingii Nicholls. Victoria Naturalist 48: 15 (1931).
    Paracaleana sullivanii (F.Muell.) Blaxell. Contr. New South Wales Natl. Herb. 4:281 (1972).


Prasophyllum
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 317 (1810)

  • Prasophyllum colensoi Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 241 (1853).
    Prasophyllum pauciflorum Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 273 (1886).
    Prasophyllum rogersii as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 76: 290 (1946), is not that of R.S.Rogers & Rees (1921).
    Probably includes a number of taxa, including Irwin's  
    Prasophyllum "A"  and  Prasophyllum "B"  (NZNOG Journal 79: 9-10 [2001]).
  • Prasophyllum hectorii (Buchanan) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 15: 41 (2005).
    Gastrodia hectori Buchanan. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 19: 214 (1886).
    Prasophyllum patens as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. (1906), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
    Prasophyllum suttoni as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 76: 291 (1946), is not that of Rupp (1928).


Pterostylis
- R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 326 (1810). Pterostylis alliance

  • Pterostylis agathicola D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 266 (1997).
    Pterostylis graminea var. rubricaulis H.B.Matthews ex Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 351 (1925).
    Pterostylis montana var. rubricaulis (Cheeseman) Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 77: 240, plate 23 (1949).
    Pterostylis "rubricaulis" tagname.
  • Pterostylis alobula (Hatch) L.B.Moore. New Zealand J. Bot. 6: 486, f.3 (1969).
    Diplodium alobulum (Hatch) D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 70 (2002).
    Pterostylis trullifolia as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. (1906), is not that of Hook.f.
    Pterostylis trullifolia var. alobula Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. NZ 77: 244, t.30, f.3E-H (1949).
  • Pterostylis alveata Garnet. Victoria Naturalist 59: 91 (1939).
    Diplodium alveatum (Garnet) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 70 (2002).
  • Pterostylis auriculata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 22: 489 (1890).
    Pterostylis "Catlins" tagname.
  • Pterostylis banksii A.Cunn. Companion Bot. Mag. 2: 376 (1837).
    Pterostylis emarginata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 15: 328 (1883) may be here.
  • Pterostylis aff. banksii
    A smaller taxon than true P. banksii, common around Wellington, and apparently found elsewhere (see NZNOG Journal 80: 14,19 [2001]).
    This may, in the editor's opinion, be P. emarginata Col.
  • Pterostylis brumalis L.B.Moore. New Zealand J. Bot. 6: 485, f.3 (1969).
    Diplodium brumale (L.B.Moore) D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 70 (2002).
    Pterostylis trullifolia var. rubella Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 77: 244 (1949).
  • Pterostylis emarginata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 15: 328 (1883).
    Dubious. See P. banksii and P. aff. banksii.
  • Pterostylis foliata Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 249 (1853).
    Pterostylis gracilis Nicholls. Victoria Naturalist 43: 324-326 (1927).
    Pterostylis vereenae R.S.Rogers. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. South Australia 38: 360-361, f.18(2) (1914).
  • Pterostylis irwinii D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 269 (1997).
    Pterostylis "Erua" tagname.
  • Pterostylis micromega Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 248 (1853).
    Pterostylis polyphylla Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 22: 489 (1890).
    Pterostylis furcata var. micromega Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 80: 326 (1953).
  • Pterostylis aff. montana agg. 
    Includes as many as 14 undescribed taxa, including the distinctive P. "Blyth" = "P. pulchragalea" ms name of HB Matthews.
  • Pterostylis nutans R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 327 (1810).
    Pterostylis matthewsii Cheeseman. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 47: 46 (1915).
  • Pterostylis paludosa D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 271 (1997).
    Pterostylis montana var. linearis Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. NZ 77: 243, plate 29, 2 (1949).
    Pterostylis "linearis" tagname.
  • Pterostylis patens Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 270 (1886).
    Pterostylis banksii var. patens (Colenso) Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 75: 370 (1945).
  • Pterostylis porrecta D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 272 (1997).
    Pterostylis aff. graminea.
    P. "Hackett"
    tagname.
  • Pterostylis puberula Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 249 (1853).
    Linguella puberula (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 75 (2002).
    Pterostylis nana as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 77: 237 (1949), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
    Pterostylis aff. nana.
    Clements has indicated that Linguella and Diplodium do not warrant separate genera [2010. ANOS Vic.Bull. 42 (8)]
  • Pterostylis silvicultrix (F.Muell.) Molloy, D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 66 (2002).
    Pterostylis banksii var. silvicultrix F.Muell. Veg. Chath. Is. 51 (1864).
  • Pterostylis speciosa Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 22: 488 (1890).
    Dubious. Was identified as P. banksii by Cheeseman.
  • Pterostylis subsimilis Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 28: 611 (1896).
    Was identified as P banksii by Cheeseman.
  • Pterostylis tanypoda D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 12(6): 273 (1997).
    Hymenochilus tanypodus (D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem.) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 74 (2002).
    Pterostylis cycnocephala as meant by L.B.Moore. Fl. New Zealand Vol. 2: 135 (1970) and others (1970- 1997), is not that of Fitzg. (1876).
  • Pterostylis tasmanica D.L.Jones. Muelleria 8(2): 177 (1994).
    Plumatichilos tasmanicum (D.L.Jones) Szlach. Polish Bot. J. 46(1): 23 (2001).
    Pterostylis squamata as meant by Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 249 (1853), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
    Pterostylis barbata as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 683 (1906), is not that of Lindl. (1840).
    Pterostylis plumosa as meant by Cooper. Field guide to NZ native orchids 51 (1981), is not that of Cady (1969).
    Jones suggests there is a second unnamed NZ entity.
  • Pterostylis tristis Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 271 (1886).
    Hymenochilus tristis (Colenso) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 74 (2002).
    Pterostylis mutica as meant by Cheeseman. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 15: 300 (1883), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
  • Pterostylis trullifolia Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 249 (1853).
    Diplodium trullifolium (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones, Molloy & M.A.Clem. Austral. Orchid Res. 4: 72 (2002).
    Pterostylis rubella Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 271 (1886).
    Pterostylis trullifolia var. gracilis Cheeseman. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 47: 271 (1915).
  • Pterostylis venosa Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 28: 610 (1896).
    Pterostylis confertifolia Allan. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 56: 32 (1926).
    Pterostylis trifolia Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 31: 281 (1899).


Spiranthes
- Rich. De Orchid. Eur. 20, 28, 36 (1817)

  • Spiranthes novae-zelandiae Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 243 (1853).
    Spiranthes australis as meant by Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 272 (1864), is not that of Lindl. (1824).
    Spiranthes sinensis as meant by Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 58 (1946), is not that of Ames (1908).
    Spiranthes lancea as meant by Hatch. Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 82: 614 (1954), is not that of Backer, Bakh.f. & Steenis (1950).
    The name Neottia sinensis has been used for Spiranthes australis in Australia, as has the name Spiranthes sinensis var. australis (R.Br.) H.Hara & Kitam. Acta Phytotox. Geobot. 36 (1-3): 93 (1985).


Taeniophyllum
- Blume, Bijdr. 6: t.3, f.70: 8: 355, t.70 (1825)

  • Taeniophyllum norfolkianum D.L.Jones, B.Gray & M.A.Clem. Orchadian 15(4):157-158, f.1. (2006).
    A Norfolk Island species recently discovered in Northland.


Thelymitra
- J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. Char. Gen. Pl. 97 t.49 (1776)

  • Thelymitra carnea R.Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 314 (1810).
    Thelymitra imberbis Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 244 (1853).
    Thelymitra carnea var. imberbis (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 59 (1946).
  • Thelymitra colensoi Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 271 (1864)
    Thelymitra intermedia Berggr. Minneskr. Fisiog. Sallsk. Lund 8: 21 f (1878).
    Thelymitra longifolia var. stenopetala Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 396, plate 80 F-H (1952).
    Thelymitra longifolia var. intermedia Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 396, plate 80 J (1952).
    Was tagged T. "pseudopauciflora" for a time.
  • Thelymitra concinna Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 207 (1885).
    The pink-ciliated form of T. hatchii, over which T. concinna should take precedence.
  • Thelymitra cyanea (Lindl.) Benth. Fl. Austral. 6: 323 (1873).
    Macdonaldia cyanea Lindl. Bot. Reg. 25 (1840).
    Thelymitra uniflora Hook.f. Bot. Antarct. Voy., Vol. 1, Fl. Antarct.: 70 (1844).
    Thelymitra venosa as meant by Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 671 (1906), is not that of R.Br. (1810).
    Thelymitra venosa var. typica Hatch Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 390, plate 77 A-C (1952).
    Thelymitra venosa var. cedricsmithii Hatch Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 390, plate 77 D-E (1952).
    Thelymitra venosa var. cyanea Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 391, plate 77 F-H (1952).
  • Thelymitra xdentata L.B.Moore: a sterile hybrid of T. longifolia × T. pulchella.
    Thelymitra dentata L.B.Moore. New Zealand J. Bot. 6: 478, f.2 (1969).
  • Thelymitra formosa Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 338 (1884).
    Thelymitra circumsepta as meant by Hatch. NZNOG Journal 65: 8 (1997), is not that of Fitzg. (1878).
  • Thelymitra hatchii L.B.Moore. New Zealand J. Bot. 6: 477, f.2 (1969).
    Thelymitra pachyphylla as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 394, plate 79 D-H (1952), is not that of Cheeseman (1906).
    Thelymitra concinna Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 207 (1888) appears to be the pink ciliated form of T. hatchii, and if so has precedence.
  • Thelymitra ixioides
    Thelymitra ixioides as meant by Hook.f. Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 669 (1864), is not that of Swartz. (Kongl. Vetansk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 253, t.3, f.L [1800]).
    Thelymitra ixioides var. typica (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 70: 59 (1945).
  • Thelymitra longifolia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. Char. Gen. Pl. 98 t.49 (1776).
    Serapias regularis Banks & Sol. ex G.Forst. Prodr. 59 (1776).
    Thelymitra forsteri Sw. Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 228 (1800).
    Thelymitra nemoralis Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 249 (1885).
    Thelymitra alba Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 18: 272 (1886).
    Thelymitra cornuta Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 206 (1888).
    Thelymitra longifolia var. alba (Colenso) Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 339 (1925).
    Thelymitra longifolia var. forsteri (Sw.) Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 396, plate 80 B-E (1952).
    Thelymitra aristata as meant by Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 395, plate 79 M-N, plate 80 A (1952), is not that of Lindl. (1840),
    and has been tagnamed T. "tholinigra" by Scanlen.
  • Thelymitra nervosa Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 207 (1888).
    Thelymitra decora Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 1151 (1906).
  • Thelymitra pauciflora R.Br. Prodr. 314 (1810).
    Thelymitra pauciflora sens. strict. is in NZ according to Jeanes (Muelleria 19: 19-79 [2004]); however, there are also a number of forms in this aggregate.
  • Thelymitra pulchella Hook.f. Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 244 (1853).
    Thelymitra fimbriata Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 22: 490 (1890).
    Thelymitra pachyphylla Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 1151 (1906).
    Thelymitra caesia Petrie. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 51: 107 (1919).
    T. pulchella is a very variable species, yet all of these appear to have features that are relatively stable in some populations.
  • Thelymitra purpureofusca Colenso. Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 17: 249 (1885).
    Thelymitra "Whakapapa": undescribed taxon from Ruapehu, may correspond to T. purpureo-fusca, or may be distinct.
  • Thelymitra sanscilia Irwin ex Hatch. Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 79: 397, plate 81 B-E (1952).
  • Thelymitra tholiformis Molloy & Hatch. New Zealand J. Bot. 28: 111, f.6 (1990).
    Thelymitra intermedia as meant by L.B.Moore. Fl. New Zealand Vol. 2: 129 (1970), is not that of Berggr. (1878).
  • Thelymitra "comet"
    A large, late-flowering Thelymitra from the Kaweka range. Appears to be sterile, so probably a hybrid.
  • Thelymitra "darkie"
    An undescribed taxon from the Far North (see McCrae. NZNOG Journal 24: 11; 77: 22 [1987]).
  • Thelymitra "rough Leaf"
    An undescribed taxon from the Far North (see McCrae. NZNOG Journal 24: 11; 77: 22 [1987]).
  • Thelymitra "sky"
    An undescribed taxon from the Far North (see Scanlen. NZNOG 70: 30-35, f.6 [1998]).
  • Thelymitra "Whakapapa"
    An undescribed taxon from Ruapehu, that may correspond to T. purpureo-fusca, or may be distinct.


Townsonia
- Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 692 (1906). Acianthus alliance

  • Townsonia deflexa Cheeseman. Man. New Zealand Fl. 692 (1906).
    Townsonia viridis as meant by Schltr. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 250 (1911), is not Acianthus viridis of Hook.f. (1860).
    Acianthus viridis as meant by L.B.Moore. Fl. New Zealand Vol. 2: 107 (1970), is not that of Hook.f. (1860).


Waireia
- D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy. Orchadian 12(6): 282 (1997)

  • Waireia stenopetala (Hook.f.) D.L.Jones, M.A.Clem. & Molloy. Orchadian 12(6): 282 (1997).
    Thelymitra stenopetala (Hook.f.) Bot. Antarct. Voy., Vol. 1, Fl. Antarct.: 69 (1844).
    Lyperanthus antarcticus Hook.f. Bot. Antarct. Voy., Vol. 1, Fl. Antarct.: 544 (1847).

 

* Currently accepted names are underlined.
  Previous names for each species are noted underneath.